Pastimes and Hobbies

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Welcome to Larisa English Club #30

What’s in The News? Where Did Apple Trees Originate From?

Speaking Practice. Pastimes and Hobbies!

English Grammar. Adjectives and Personality Words!

What’s in The News?

Where Did Apple Trees Originate From?

The apple tree is a deciduous tree in the rose family best known for its sweet, fruit, the apple. It is cultivated worldwide as a fruit tree. The tree originated in Central Asia, where its wild ancestor is still found today. Apples have been grown for thousands of years in Asia and Europe, and were brought to North America by European colonists. Apples have religious and mythological significance in many cultures, including Norse, Greek and European Christian traditions.

Apple trees are large if grown from seed. Generally apple trees are propagated by grafting onto root stocks, which control the size of the resulting tree. There are more than 7,500 known varieties of apples, resulting in a range of desired characteristics. Different varieties are bred for various tastes and uses, including cooking, eating raw and cider production. Trees and fruit are prone to a number of fungal, bacterial and pest problems, which can be controlled by a number of organic and non-organic means.

Worldwide production of apples in 2014 was 84.6 million tons, with China accounting for 48% of the total. When cultivated, the size, shape and branch density are determined by rootstock selection and trimming method. The leaves are alternately arranged dark green-colored simple ovals with serrated margins and slightly downy undersides.

Read more about apples at Wiki: http://bit.ly/1frXaPS

Speaking Practice.

Pastimes and Hobbies!

Roger: What do you do in your spare time?

Barry: Oh, nothing special. I read… watch TV… go to the movies.  Roger: Don’t you have any hobbies, like reading or things like that?  Barry: No, I don’t have any hobbies. How about you?

Roger: I have just one—photography. It’s expensive, but it’s a lot of fun.

Language Notes

Spare time = Leisure time or extra time or free time.

Nothing special = No particular thing. I read. . . watch TV … go to the movies.

Reading… A compound noun.

How about you? = Do you have any hobbies?

English Grammar.

Adjectives and Personality Words!

What are personality adjectives? Personality adjectives are used to describe a persons personality or character. Everyone has a different personality. It is important to study and learn personality adjectives. Describing objects and people is easier with the proper vocabulary. We often use adverbs “so, very, really and quite” to emphasize adjectives. Often we use a prefix to create the opposite meaning of a word.

Positive Personality Adjectives Examples:

I like my best friend because she is always so positive!

He is a creative person in his job!

She is always frank when she shares her opinion!

It is a friendly cat. Simon is always close to me!

He is so funny. I really like his movies!

She is very entertaining. I always enjoy her performances!

It is really active today. My cat is running everywhere!

Negative Personality Adjectives Examples:

My neighbor is always acting in a negative way!

He was uncreative in his last job!

She is shy when talking about her family!

The neighbors dog is so unfriendly!

He is always so uninteresting! He sleeps all day!

She is often vague about her job!

There are many words used to describe personalities. The examples above are meant to help you with grammar, pronunciation and intonation. Remember that we can emphasize words when a persons voice is elevated. We can also make statements stronger by speaking word for word without contractions.

Until next time…

Better jobs and opportunities await everyone who is able to understand and speak English fluently. Study daily and enjoy what lies ahead for you and your family!

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