Welcome to Larisa English Club #6
What’s New? Healthy Food to Eat Today!
History Topic! Food in America One Hundred Years Ago.
Conversation Topic. Introductions and everyday hello’s.
Speaking Practice. Conversation Practice and Hello.
Basic Grammar Review. What is a Verb?
English Grammar. “Like” is used seven ways in English!
Healthy Food to Eat Today!
Healthy Food to Eat
Written by Ellie Donnell, www.independent.co.uk
There may not be a ‘one size fits all’ solution when it comes to finding a food that will transform your health, but there are a few ingredients that we should definitely all be consuming more of. No one wants to feel trapped in a soul destroying diet but sometimes a few simple guidelines can help nudge us in the right direction.
It might be the name of your favorite shampoo, but the Aloe Vera leaf boasts a whole host of other nutritional benefits. The active components of the inner leaf can support everything from digestion to the immune system to blood sugar balance and cholesterol. The enzymes and fibers it contains can even help you absorb nutrition from other foods better, possibly increasing the benefit you can gain from the rest of your healthy diet. It is a great one to add into your everyday!’’
‘’It’s an oldy but goody – drink more green tea! It’s benefits include hormone balance, weight management, liver detoxification, anti-oxidant source and reducing risk of disease development.
‘’Whole eggs are one of the most nutritious foods on the planet. They have previously been demonized owing to their high cholesterol content but it is now widely accepted that the dietary cholesterol within is actually positive rather than negative. While the egg whites are rich in protein which will keep you feeling full and satisfied, egg yolks are loaded with vitamins, minerals and various powerful nutrients.
Wholegrain cereals like oats, wholemeal bread and brown rice as well as fruit and vegetables are all excellent sources, but my favorites are beans and lentils! Fiber is important for digestive health such as preventing constipation and lowering cholesterol levels. Fiber is also linked with reducing inflammation, a reduction in risk for some cancers and improvements in the immune system. The recommendations are 30 grams a day for adults.’’ Tree nuts, dark green vegetables and lot’s of water are all great additions to a healthy diet as well.
Food in America One Hundred Years Ago
So, what did everyone eat just about everyday 100 years ago? First it depended on where they lived. If we try to pick just one country, America would be a great place to start. If a person lived near the sea, they ate a lot of fish. Just like today, fish is often abundant in coastal areas. If you lived in the southern states in America, you most likely ate a lot of potato and corn. In northern states, you probably ate more beef and milk products.
One hundred years ago, transportation from coast to coast was common. Trains provided many goods from other parts of the country, but fresh fruits and vegetables from state to state were much less common. Worldwide commerce was non-existent. Everyone ate what they grew. That might be fresh fruits and vegetables in the growing season or pickled cucumbers in the winter months. Meats and poultry were often dried and stored in root cellars.
Most foods were prepared as opposed to canned and packaged. Beans and legumes were very common from coast to coast as were other staples like rice and smoked meats and fish.
Unlike today and international commerce, fresh food in winter months was just about impossible to find in many areas of the United States. Refrigerators were invented for home use in 1913 and were helpful in keeping food fresh longer.
Introductions and everyday hello’s
While studying English, we learn NOT to repeat what the other person just said. However, there are a few areas in speech where it is okay to repeat what the other said or something close to it. Introductions are often challenging for students. Exactly why that is, I am not sure. Practice your English everyday and soon you will speak fluently. Actually, introductions should be one of the easier parts of English study. Why? Because, we meet people often and certain words and expressions are used again and again.
Think about it! When someone greets you by saying “Hello”, how do you do? You answer “Hello” as well. Simple terms like “Good morning”, can be replied to with the same “Good morning”. Intonation plays a big part in meeting and greeting others. Often when we use the same greeting as a reply, we add more information. Here is an example; “Good afternoon” and your reply could be “Good afternoon, how are you?. Study the examples below for more dialog and practice until you feel like you have mastered meetings and greetings.
Conversation Practice and Hello
Notice how many statements are repeated a little differently. Speaking with others is not that difficult when you use similar words and phrases repeatedly. There is another important thought. Remember that people get to know people. When you often use the same phrases and expressions, people know what to expect. When you change your statement, often, people you are meeting understand that something has changed. Don’t be afraid to ask your friend if everything is okay when you hear something different from many meetings in the past.
You will also notice I used the term “See you!”. This term is commonly used in American English. It is inviting and suggests that you will meet again. The word “Goodbye” is very uncommon in American English unless you would rather not meet with the same person in the future. The word “Goodbye” in American English, is often considered rude and impolite.
Basic Grammar Review
What is a verb?
What is a verb? “A verb is an action, state or feeling”. Simple right? Not exactly. A verb should be a simple part of English but, often it is not. It is not always just because it is a verb. It is often where a word might come from that confuses students.
What do I mean by confuse? Well, telling a student that most nouns are verbs usually earns a strange look on a students face. Often, teachers don’t teach with that thought in mind. Many teachers tell students that verbs are actions! That is it!.
Not all English teachers teach with this explanation. Mind you, there is nothing wrong with telling a student that a verb is an action. In fact, it is an action and and and. I actually left out other ways we use verbs.
Verbs can also be nouns. This is when the word might be spelled the same and means two different things. An example might be “My house is being painted with paint by the painter”. This tense is “present continuous passive voice”. Some teachers refer to this tense as “present progressive passive”. Painted is a verb in third form, paint and painter are nouns.
While verbs are actions, they are also states or facts. A state verb is a verb we use to refer to facts and not actions. For example; agree, understand, recognize, appreciate and many more. These words are used to express states or facts. Most state verbs are never used in the continuous tenses.
There are exceptions to this rule. Thought verbs, emotions, relationships, senses, states of being and measurements. Thought verbs are often used in the continuous. They are exceptions to the general rule. The general rule is that most state verbs are never used in continuous tenses.
Most verbs can also be nouns with an “ing” suffix. These would be called “Gerunds”. Compare “Understand” as a verb to “Understanding” a noun or gerund. What about feelings? An example would be “I like you” Like is a verb but, I have just used it to describe how I feel.
Another example would be “I am enjoying this party”. Again, another state verb expressing my feelings. All students need to know that a word is just a word until we use it in a specific way.
Find a combination of examples to explain how and include the why. There is a lot more to this subject. I have just covered a few areas that might be beneficial to your bank of English knowledge. So, to finish up; “A verb expresses an action, state or feeling” Verbs can also be used in a variety of other ways.
“Like” is used seven ways in English!
The word “Like” is generally thought of as a verb. In fact, it is a state verb used many different ways. Did you know it is also an adjective, noun, preposition, adverb, conjunction and suffix. Most students are surprised to learn that a word they learned only as a verb, has many more functions.
In English grammar, most words are regularly used in very specific ways. When students first study English as a second language, learning in simplified terms is usually best. As students of a second language become more proficient and move up to higher levels of English, learning additional ways to use the language and vocabulary becomes very important. A simple example of like at the earliest stages of learning might be the following. “I like coffee” or “I don’t like coffee” or “Do you like coffee?”. These are simple ways to use the verb “like”..
Here are more examples!
“Adjective”, an example might be “He responded in like manner”.
“Preposition”, an example might be “That car is like mine”.
“Noun”, an example might be “Have you ever seen the like?”.
“Adverb”, an example might be “He is like crazy!”.
“Conjunction”, an example might be “She does not dance like you do!”.
“Suffix”, an example might be “That color is greenlike”.
There are other ways “Like” is used as well. Most students are told that we cannot use the word like in the continuous. That is true unless you use it in such a way to promote or get people to talk about you or your products. Like, love and enjoy are all “State verbs”. In a grammatical sense, we should always follow the established grammar rules. However, in promotions, slang, informal English, phrases and more, there are no rules. Have you ever wondered why McDonalds uses the slogan “I am loving it”? In fact, this is terrible English, but great free advertising and promotion.
So, what about the other ways we can use a suffix or more exacting; “Participle One?”. What is “Participle one?”. It is the “ing suffix”. The “ing suffix” is used to create continuous tenses, adjectives and gerunds. Be careful with “State Verbs” when adding “ing”. Most state verbs cannot be used in the continuous form as a verb but, “like” can be used to create a noun when adding “ing”. An example might be “I have “a liking” for chocolate cake” In other words, I like cake. It may also mean that I want to eat cake now. Other state verbs can also use the suffix “ing”.
The word “Love” is often used as an “Adjective”. An example might be “She is a loving mother”. The main idea here is that “Like” is used many different ways in the English language. Study and learn how to use the word “Like” and you will be well on your way to speaking great English.
Until next time…
I have enjoyed creating and presenting this English Club just for you. The fact that you are reading and listening tells me that you understand what goals in life are important to you. Live your life to the fullest each and every day.