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Welcome to Larisa English Club #19

What’s in The News? Road to The United States Constitution.

Speaking Practice. Academy Awards.

English Grammar. Verbs + Infinitive or –ING

What’s in The News?

Road to The United States Constitution.

America’s search for a plan of national government was a slow, difficult process. Compromise, cooperation, and creativity were required as the Americans moved from being colonials in a patriarchal monarchy to citizen-leaders in a representative republic of federal states. Most of this process took place in the midst of a long, revolutionary war. Not only were these “the times that try men’s souls,” in the words of Thomas Paine, they were also the times that tested Americans’ intellects and practical political skills in creating a strong, national, republican government.

The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777, but the states did not ratify them until March 1, 1781. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments.

Divisions among the states and even local rebellions threatened to destroy the fruits of the Revolution. Nationalists, led by James Madison, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Wilson, almost immediately began working toward strengthening the federal government. They turned a series of regional commercial conferences into a national constitutional convention at Philadelphia in 1787.

Learn more here: http://bit.ly/2x3h9hi

Speaking Practice.

Academy Awards

Janice: Did you see the Academy Awards program last night on TV?

Rob: I watched for awhile; then I had to go to bed.

Janice: You missed a good show. I didn’t agree with the selection for best picture, though.

Rob: I guess I missed that part. What happened?

Janice: Oh, they chose some picture that was so avant-­garde that no one understands it.

Rob: Well, I don’t go to the movies very often. You know me. I prefer more active ­type things.

Janice: Too bad. I really wanted to discuss it with someone.

Language Notes

Academy Awards = awards in the film industry given annually for the best movie, best actor, best director, etc. The awards, small statues, are called Oscars.

Avant-­garde = in the arts, having to do with creative ideas, methods, designs, etc., that are better than all others.

English Grammar.

Verbs + Infinitive or –ING

Verbs + Infinitive

Here are some common verbs in English that are followed by the infinitive:

decide

She decided to study biology, not physics.

help

Can you help me to carry these boxes?

It’s very common to remove the word “to”:

Example: Can you help “me carry” these boxes?

hope

We hope to hear from you soon.

I hope it doesn’t rain this weekend.

learn

She’s learning to swim. (With ing)

It’s very common to add the word “how” if you are learning a new skill:

I’m learning “how” to cook.

need

I need to go to the supermarket. We don’t have any eggs.

offer

My friend offered to take me to the airport.

plan

We’re planning to have a big party when our son graduates from college.

pretend

He pretended to be sick so that he didn’t have to take the test.

promise

He promised to call me back as soon as possible.

try

I’m trying to read this book, but it’s too difficult.

want

I want to learn English so that I can study in the U.S.

would like

I’d like to travel to France someday.

Bonus Grammar!

Don’t forget that there are three word combinations used just like “Modal Auxiliary Verbs”.

Want to, Have to, Need to.

Want to” can be compared to the word “Desire” and Would with like.

I want to see a movie tonight!

I would like to see a movie tonight!

I want to visit a museum this weekend!

I would like to visit a museum this weekend!

Want to” can be used to make an offer and would with like.

Do you want to go to the movies tonight?

Would you like to go to the movies tonight?

Do you want to visit the museum this weekend?

Would you like to visit the museum this weekend?

Have to and Need to can be compared to “Must”. They are used to speak about responsibilities, obligations and important actions. However, there are small differences in every day use.

Must” is generally used for commitments and strong obligations.

Have to” is used more for responsibilities and everyday life.

Need to” implies an action that may not be absolutely necessary.

Here are two examples:

I need to go now but I could stay a little longer if you want!

I have to go now. I really must go now! I can’t stay any longer!

There are many more ways to use “Want to, Have to, Need to”.

Until next time…

I hope you enjoyed Larisa English Club today. Learning English can be a lot of fun when you have a strong desire to speak English. Practice your English daily and speak great English in no time.

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