What are demonstrative adjectives? They are words used to modify nouns. They are used to refer to one or more people, place or thing. For this grammar review, I will focus on just four. They are “This, That, These, Those”. “This and that” are used to refer to “one”, while “these and those” are used to refer to “more than one!” “This and these” are used to refer to something close in proximity, while “that and those” are used to refer to something further away from you!
This book belongs to my best friend, Bill. (One book)
This belongs to Bill. (One Book)
These apples are so delicious! (More than one)
These are so delicious! (More than one apple)
That house over there, belongs to my neighbor! (One house)
That is my neighbors! (One house)
Those people are my parents! (Two people)
Those are my parents! (Two people)
There are more demonstrative adjectives. Some examples are “Former, latter, yon and yonder”. “Former and latter” are used more commonly in everyday speech, while “yon and yonder” are considered non standard. Non standard words are not commonly used in todays English. They are used in creative writing and to provoke a smile or two in spoken English.
We can use demonstrative adjectives with or without the noun. If the person you are speaking to, can see or understands what you are referring to, use without the noun. To emphasize the noun or subject, use both.