What’s in The News? Tornado, Twister or Whirlwind?
Speaking Practice. Rush Hour! Bus or Taxi?
English Grammar. Compare Adjectives to Determiners!
What’s in The News?
Tornado, Twister or Whirlwind?
A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. They are often referred to as twisters, whirlwinds or cyclones. The word cyclone is used in meteorology to name a weather system with a low-pressure area in the center around which winds blow counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern. Tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes. Most tornadoes have wind speeds less than 110 miles per hour, are about 250 feet across, and travel a few miles before dissipating.
Various types of tornadoes include the multiple vortex tornado, land-spout and waterspout. Waterspouts are characterized by a spiraling funnel-shaped wind current, connecting to a large cumulus cloud. These spiraling columns of air frequently develop in tropical areas close to the equator, and are less common at high latitudes. Other tornado-like phenomena that exist in nature include the gust-nado, dust devil, fire whirls, and steam devil.
Joyce: Should we take a taxi or a bus to the meeting?
Bill: We’d better take a bus. It’s almost impossible to find a taxi during rush hour.
Joyce: Isn’t that a bus stop over there?
Bill: Yes… Oh, oh! There’s a bus now. We’ll have to run to catch it.
Joyce: 0.K.… Oh, no! We just missed it.
Bill: Never mind. There’ll be another one in ten minutes.
Should we…? = Do you think we should…? (Will is never used for this meaning.)
Take a taxi or a bus…? = What form of transportation should we use?
We’d better… = We ought to.
It would be wise to… = A smart or intelligent idea.
Rush hour = The time of day when most people are going to or from work.
Isn’t that…? A negative question expresses an expectation of a positive answer.
Bus stop. = A compound noun.
Oh, oh! = An exclamation expressing alarm or sudden caution.
Oh, no! = An exclamation expressing sudden disappointment, shock, or discouragement.
Never mind! = It doesn’t matter or don’t concern yourself.
Compare Adjectives to Determiners!
Determiners are words that appear before a noun. This is to help understand what the noun refers to. The main idea is to understand determiners and the role they play in English. Remember that a word is just a word until we give it a job. There are many determiners in English. “A, an, the” are all determiners. “This, that, these, those” are all determiners. Quantifiers “Few, all etc”. Possessives “My, your, it’s etc”. Cardinal numbers as well. Do not confuse determiners with adjectives. There are many more rules on this subject! Ask your teacher for a further explanation and worksheets to help you better understand determiners.
“Adjectives” have three primary functions: “They modify noun phrases or compliment the object or subject of a noun”. (To describe)
“Determiners” express “Proximity, relationship, quantity and definiteness”.
I just bought a new chair! (a is the determiner while “new” is an adjective)
He is an honest man! (an is the determiner while “honest” is an adjective)
Please sit down on the chair! (the is the determiner)
It is on this table! (this is the determiner)
Please put it on that table! (that is the determiner)
These shoes are mine! (these is the determiner)
Those glasses are hers! (those is the determiner)
Please take my umbrella, it’s raining! (my is the determiner)
Could I borrow your car? (your is the determiner)
I will ride his bike instead! (his is the determiner)
Her car isn’t working right now! (her is the determiner)
In English, all of the determiners used in the above examples come from different parts of grammar. Ask your teacher to explain determiners further!
Until next time!
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