The English language starts with simple words. The verb “To be” is just the beginning of your English learning adventure. Nouns are next. Vocabulary is needed to be able to speak about different subjects. Remember that words are just words until we decide to use them in a certain way. Below are common examples of different ways we use the same word.
Examples with the word “Paint”
Noun: I am going to buy some paint.
Noun with a suffix: I just bought this interesting painting.
Gerund: My friend likes painting.
Adjective with suffix: It is a paintable surface.
Verb: They will paint the house next week.
Verb with a prefix: We must repaint the house next week.
Compound noun: I just bought a paintbrush.
Job or profession: She is an artistic painter.
Idiomatic Phrase: I always paint my face in the morning!
Idiomatic Phrase: Let me paint a picture for you!
Idiom: We are going to paint the town red tonight!
Search your dictionary for each example! Remember that words in English are often used many different ways. There is a new word created every 89 minutes in the English language. Be creative! Maybe you will create the next new word in English!
What is an “Affix?”. An “Affix” is a letter or letters added to a root word to change it’s meaning. Prefix and suffix are terms used to further describe an affix. In other words “Affix” is a word used to describe both a “Prefix and Suffix”.
A “Prefix” is placed before a word. A “Suffix” is placed after. New words are created from root words. Many words have both a “Prefix and Suffix”. There are many forms and specific reasons for adding letters to words. The main idea is to create other words with different definitions in English. Below are a just few examples. Check your dictionary for prefixes and suffixes to better understand this subject.
Common Prefix examples: dis-, ir-, un-, re-.
(Dis)agree is the opposite of “Agree”. It is defined as “Not”.
(Ir)responsible is the opposite of “Responsible”. It is defined as “Not”.
(Un)friendly is the opposite of “Friendly”. It is defined as “Not”.
(Re)turn means “Go back” or “Take back”. It is defined as “Again”.
Common Suffix examples: -ed, -ing, -ly, -es.
Cook(ed) The verb to cook. Use for adjectives and past tense verbs.
Runn(ing) The verb to run. Use for gerunds, adjectives and continuous tenses.
Quick(ly) Quickly is an adverb. Use for adverbs and adjectives.
Box(es) Box is a noun and verb. Use for plural nouns and actions.
While there are many affixes in English, the above prefixes and suffixes are regarded as the most common in the English language. The above list is incomplete. Refer to your grammar resource for further explanations. Have fun with the subject of “Affixes”.
What are adjectives? Adjectives are describing words. We use adjectives to describe “Nouns, Pronouns and Feelings”. Sounds simple, right? Not exactly. Study the examples below to better understand simple ways to use Adjectives. Practice speaking English with Adjectives.
Are you happy? Yes, I am or No, I am not!
Is he cold? Yes, he is or No he is not!
Is she excited? Yes, she is or No, she is not!
Is it warm outside? Yes, it is or No, it is not!
Was that book interesting? Yes, it was or No, it was not!
Was that an interesting book? Yes, it was or No, it was not!
How tall is she? She is between 5‘6 or 5‘8!
Isn’t it a nice day? Yes, it is or No, it is not!
Aren’t I a happy person? Yes, you are or No you are not!
Aren’t you interested in sports? Yes, I am or No, I am not!
Aren’t we happy people? Yes, we are or No, we are not!
Isn’t she an interesting person? Yes, she is or No, she is not!
Isn’t he an intelligent person? Yes, he is or No, he is not!
Remember that adjectives ending in “ing” are used to describe things (Nouns/Pronouns) and situations. Adjectives ending in “ed” are used to describe feelings.