Speaking Practice. Three Cats, Two Dogs and A Canary!
English Grammar. English Words, Words, Words.
What’s in The News?
The Nobel Prize in Physiology
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine. It is one of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. Nobel was personally interested in experimental physiology and wanted to establish a prize for progress through scientific discoveries in laboratories. The Nobel Prize is presented to the recipient’s at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel’s death, along with a diploma and a certificate for the monetary award. The front side of the medal provides the same profile of Alfred Nobel as depicted on the medals for Physics, Chemistry, and Literature; its reverse side is unique to this medal.
Alfred Nobel was born on 21 October 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. He was a chemist, engineer and inventor who amassed a fortune during his lifetime, most of it from his 355 inventions of which dynamite is the most famous. He was interested in experimental physiology and set up his own labs in France and Italy to conduct experiments in blood transfusions. Keeping abreast of scientific findings, he was generous in his donations to Ivan Pavlov’s laboratory in Russia and was optimistic about the progress resulting from scientific discoveries made in laboratories.
Connie: That’s a beautiful cat. I wonder who it belongs to.
Gary: It belongs to the Browns. They live across the street from us. They have three cats, two dogs, and a canary.
Connie: They certainly must like pets! But how do all those animals get along with each other?
Gary: Don’t ask me. Ask the Browns!
Who it belongs to. Notice the word order of this indirect question. The preposition naturally falls at the end. I wonder whom it belongs to and I wonder to whom it belongs are also “grammatically correct” but sound awkward and inappropriate in this context. “Whom” is often considered old English. It is not commonly used in everyday American English.
Three cats, two dogs, and a canary = Family pets.
They certainly must like pets = This is the must of supposition or logical inference.
Get along with each other = Live together in harmony without fighting.
English Words, Words, Words.
English is a rich language in so many ways. The English language starts with simple words. The verb “To be” is just the beginning of your English learning adventure. Nouns are next. Vocabulary is needed to be able to speak about different subjects. Remember that words are just words until we decide to use them in a certain way. Below are common examples of different ways we use the same word.
Examples with the word “Paint”
Noun: I am going to buy some paint.
Noun with a suffix: I just bought this interesting painting.
Gerund: My friend likes painting.
Adjective with suffix: It is a paintable surface.
Verb: They will paint the house next week.
Verb with a prefix: We must repaint the house next week.
Compound noun: I just bought a paintbrush.
Job or profession: She is an artistic painter.
Idiomatic Phrase: I always paint my face in the morning!
Idiomatic Phrase: Let me paint a picture for you!
Idiom: We are going to paint the town red tonight!
Until next time…
Have fun studying English with friends, family and colleagues. How many different ways can you use a single word? Study English everyday and you will be speaking fluently in no time!