Speaking Practice. Ordering a meal at a restaurant.
English Grammar. The present continuous tense.
Magic foods for men do not exist.
There’s no magic food or way to eat. There are some foods men need to eat such as vegetables; fruits; whole grains; protein foods like beans, eggs, or lean meats; and dairy like 1% milk. You’ll get nutrients you need for good health―including magnesium, potassium, calcium, vitamin D, fiber, and protein. If it’s there, you’ll eat it.
Zombies and aliens may not be a realistic threat to our species. But there’s one stock movie villain we can’t be so sanguine about: sentient robots. If anything, their arrival is probably just a matter of time. But what will a world of conscious machines be like? Will there be a place in it for us?
Artificial intelligence research has been going through a recent revolution. AI systems can now outperform humans at playing chess and Go, recognizing faces, and driving safely. Even so, most researchers say truly conscious machines — ones that don’t just run programs but have feelings and are self-aware — are decades away. First, the reasoning goes, researchers have to build a generalized intelligence, a single machine with the above talents and the capacity to learn more. Only then will AI reach the level of sophistication needed for consciousness. But some think it won’t take nearly that long.
“People expect that self-awareness is going to be this end game of artificial intelligence when really there are no scientific pursuits where you start at the end,” says Justin Hart, a computer scientist at the University of Texas. He and other researchers are already building machines with rudimentary minds. One robot wriggles like a newborn baby to understand its body. Another robot babbles about what it sees and cries when you hit it. Another sets off to explore its world on its own.
English Grammar. Present Perfect + Yet / Already / Just
Climate Change and Global Warming
The world has three years to start making significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions or face the prospect of dangerous global warming, experts have warned in an article in the prestigious journal Nature. Calling for world leaders to be guided by the scientific evidence rather than “hide their heads in the sand”, they said “entire ecosystems” were already beginning to collapse, summer sea ice was disappearing in the Arctic and coral reefs were dying from the heat.
The world could emit enough carbon to bust the Paris Agreement target of between 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius in anything from four to 26 years if current levels continue, the article said. Global emissions had been rising rapidly but have plateaued in recent years.
The experts, led by Christiana Figueres, who as Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change played a key role in the Paris Agreement, said they must start to fall rapidly from 2020 at the latest. “The year 2020 is crucially important for another reason, one that has more to do with physics than politics,” they said.
In the wake of President Trump’s decision to remove America from the Paris Climate agreement, you’d be forgiven for feeling a little negative about the future of the planet.
With reports of huge cracks appearing in the Antarctic ice, fears that preventing the two degree heating of the planet might be a pipe dream, and the world’s food supplies at risk – everything looks and sounds grim.
Fortunately though, there are some good news stories on the horizon; with many of them coming from China. The country has been leading the way when it comes to ‘green living’ in recent years, with the government announcing it had completed construction of the world’s largest floating solar farm. Now, in an attempt to curb the production of toxic gasses, the country is continuing to pave the way (so to speak) with the construction of one of the world’s first ‘forest cities’. Designed by Stefano Boeri, who you might remember also designed two vertical skyscraper ‘forests’, the city is currently under construction in Liuzhou, Guangxi Province.
What’s in The News? 7 Things to disappear in The Next Decade
Speaking Practice. Airport Bus Conversation
English Grammar. Present Perfect Simple VS Present Perfect Continuous
What’s in the News?
7 Things to disappear in The Next Decade
Mom, dad along with grandma and grandpa are all part of past generations when life was just a little slower. All of the time? No! However, in today’s world of technology, things are changing at lightning speed.
Compared to any time in history, the pace of innovation and product creation is impossible to find similarities. While in today’s fast paced world, technology is moving faster than humans can keep track.
The near future will bring with it some fundamental changes to everyday life as we know it. Experts agree that many of the inventions we have used nearly forever, will soon go the way of the dinosaur. As strange as that sounds, it’s not that difficult to predict which ones will soon disappear.
Experts have carefully calculated and confidently predicted the short list of well known products that’s headed to your nearest museum. Keys, parking meters, cash, ATM’s and banks, desktop computers, televisions and telephones will disappear before you know it!
What’s in The News? Electric Cars Charge While Traveling Down The Highway.
Speaking Practice. Making a Date.
English Grammar. Comparative Adjectives.
What’s in The News?
Electric Cars Charge While Traveling Down The Highway.
Volvo and other car manufacturers are getting closer to the day where all they make is Electric. Gas and diesel have been the traditional refueling method forever. It’s time for change. Ironically, Ford was the first major US car manufacturer to build and lease a fleet of electric vehicles over 20 years ago. Most of those cars ended up in the trash compacter. Ford kept it quiet for many years. Now, they are far behind the curve. Some types of innovation, you just can’t stop.
For now, electric has found it’s way into the mainstream as the next fuel. By 2024, some manufacturers will stop producing gas autos all together. After that, it’s anyones guess at what will be next. With new technology comes change and the need for further innovation to supply what’s needed, making everything work for the masses. While there might be a gas station just around the corner from your home, electric is a little more complicated than that.
As technology continues to evolve, so will the availability of recharging stations. Those too may become as popular as the eight track sooner than you think. Highways that offer recharging as you drive are in the headlights of engineers today. In fact, there are a number of tests with charging roads being developed now.
What’s in The News? It’s True: Coffee Can Add Years to Your Life.
Speaking Practice. Catching a Bus.
English Grammar. Comparative Adjectives and Quantifiers.
What’s in The News?
It’s True: Coffee Can Add Years to Your Life.
What’s the first thing you do when you wake up in the morning? For many Americans, the day begins by trudging to the coffee pot or stopping for a daily latte before rushing into the office. Coffee is a daily ritual in Blue Zones areas, as well. Sardinians, Ikarians and Nicoyans start their days with a cup, lightly sweetened without cream. In addition to a daily cup of coffee, Blue Zones centenarians drink water, tea and wine. While coffee is often a hotly-debated health topic, it’s shown to carry many health benefits.
In all five original Blue Zones areas, people drink up to two or three cups of black coffee per day! The American Heart Association found that consuming coffee, both caffeinated and decaf, was associated with a lower risk of total mortality. Other major studies confirm that coffee drinkers live longer than those who don’t drink it, and have lower risks of early death.
What’s in The News? Thunderstorms Day and Night. What is The Difference?
Speaking Practice. What’s for Dinner?
English Grammar. Me Too / Me Neither
What’s in The News?
Thunderstorms Day and Night. What is The Difference?
Thunderstorms are most likely to form when the temperature of the air decreases with height pretty rapidly–for example, when it’s hot at the ground and cold aloft. Thunderstorms that form at night occur in the absence of heating at the ground by the sun. Consequently, the storms that form at night are usually “elevated,” meaning that they form aloft above the cooler air near the ground, rather than near the ground, which only during the day can get warmer.
There aren’t nearly as many measurements available of temperature and moisture, which is needed to fuel thunderstorms, above the ground as there are at the ground, so predicting where storms will form at night is much more challenging.
All thunderstorms produce dangerous lightning, both during the day and at night. Storms that form at night are likely to produce hail, damaging winds and flooding rain. Tornadoes, however, are much more likely during the day, especially during the late afternoon and early evening, not at night. Tornadoes are also much more common in the spring than in the summer in most parts of the country.
What’s in The News? Road to The United States Constitution.
Speaking Practice. Academy Awards.
English Grammar. Verbs + Infinitive or –ING
What’s in The News?
Road to The United States Constitution.
America’s search for a plan of national government was a slow, difficult process. Compromise, cooperation, and creativity were required as the Americans moved from being colonials in a patriarchal monarchy to citizen-leaders in a representative republic of federal states. Most of this process took place in the midst of a long, revolutionary war. Not only were these “the times that try men’s souls,” in the words of Thomas Paine, they were also the times that tested Americans’ intellects and practical political skills in creating a strong, national, republican government.
The Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first constitution of the United States, on November 15, 1777, but the states did not ratify them until March 1, 1781. The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments.
Divisions among the states and even local rebellions threatened to destroy the fruits of the Revolution. Nationalists, led by James Madison, George Washington, Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, and James Wilson, almost immediately began working toward strengthening the federal government. They turned a series of regional commercial conferences into a national constitutional convention at Philadelphia in 1787.
What’s in The News? Microgreen Study Shows Health Benefits.
Speaking Practice. At the Hotel.
English Grammar. Verbs + -ING
What’s in The News?
Microgreen Study Shows Health Benefits.
“Microgreens” are tender young plants grown from the seed of certain herb, vegetable, and grain crops that can be clipped at the stem and eaten fresh within 2 weeks of germinating.
Some chefs have touted the taste, texture, color, and delicate appearance of microgreens, adding them to soups, salads, sandwiches, and main dishes. Microgreens can also contain more nutrients than full-grown plants. Red cabbage microgreens, in particular, have garnered attention for their potential to help protect against chronic diseases like cardiovascular disease, a leading cause of death in the United States.
“Although microgreens, such as those from red cabbage, have been reported to possess more nutrients [than mature plants] and are perceived to be ‘healthier,’ no known study has been conducted to evaluate whether consumption reduces cardiovascular disease risk factors,” according to Agricultural Research Service (ARS) chemist Thomas Wang and his co-authors in the December 2016 issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.