Conversation Topic. Musical Instruments and Conversation.
Speaking Practice. Basic Dialog with Musical Instrument.
Basic Grammar Review. The Past Simple Tense.
English Grammar. Adverbs During, While and For.
America’s Oceans and Seas Facts.
While there is only one global ocean, the vast body of water that covers 71% of Earth is geographically divided into distinct regions. The United States recognizes five named ocean basins: Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, Pacific, and Southern.
The ocean and large inland lakes play an integral role in many of the Earth’s systems, including climate and weather. More than 50% of all species on Earth are found under the ocean and the ocean helps sustain human life above the water by providing 20% of the animal protein and 5% of the total protein in the human diet. In the United States alone, there are over 95,000 miles of shoreline. More than half of the U.S. population lives within 50 miles of the coast in the narrow area of land known as the “coastal zone.”
Saline water covers approximately 72% of the planet’s surface and is customarily divided into several principal oceans and smaller seas, with the ocean covering approximately 71% of Earth’s surface and 90% of the Earth’s biosphere. The ocean contains 97% of Earth’s water, and oceanographers have stated that less than 5% of the World Ocean has been explored. The total volume is approximately 1.35 billion cubic kilometers with an average depth of nearly 3,700 meters. As the world ocean is the principal component of Earth’s hydrosphere, it is integral to all known life. The world ocean forms part of the carbon cycle, and influences climate and weather patterns. The world ocean is the habitat of 230,000 known species. Because much of it is unexplored, the number of species that exist is much larger, possibly over two million different species. The origin of Earth’s oceans remains unknown.
Doesn’t it? The falling intonation on this question tag shows that it is simply a conversational element not requiring an answer.
I wish I could… Notice that could is a past tense modal verb. “I wish I could” refers to present time.
Don’t you play…? The negative question implies that the speaker expects the answer to be affirmative. It is equivalent to: “You play the violin, don’t you?”
With a rising intonation on the final “You”.
“My sister does”. This is a short statement without repeating the question.
The sentence means “My sister plays the violin”.
Flute lessons. A compound noun, with the principal stress on the first word. Remember that “Flute” is a noun and it is singular.
Basic Dialog with Musical Instrument.
Anne: Listen! Somebody’s playing the piano. Betty: Yeah, it sounds nice, doesn’t it? I wish I could play a musical instrument. Anne: Don’t you play the violin? Betty: No, but my sister does. Actually, she’s pretty good at it. Anne: I took flute lessons for a couple of years, but I never learned to play very well. I guess I don’t have any musical talent. Betty: Oh, that’s not true. You sing very well. I can’t even do that!
Notice the short replies. Simple English is always about short replies. Remember not to repeat the previous statement unless it is important.
Basic Grammar Review.
The Past Simple Tense.
Past simple is used a number of ways in English. This is probably one of the more simple tenses to learn. One of the important parts of this tense is verbs in the past. Past simple verbs can be both regular and irregular. The main idea is to study both with an emphasis on the irregular. Regular verbs seem to be easier to learn for most students. This is generally because there is just one form in all three tenses. Present simple, past simple and participle 2 are all important. These verbs are also referred to as, first form, second form and third form of the irregular verbs. Here are a few examples and explanations of past simple.
Past simple is used to:
Refer to finished time in the past.
Example: I saw my friend yesterday at 2.
Finished time period in the past.
Example: Henry Ford invented the first automobile in America.
Details or to describe an event.
Example: I have injured my arm because I fell down.
Actions in the past as facts.
Example: He walked to the door and rang the bell.
Second conditional statements.
Example: If I won the lottery, I would buy a Ford.
As you can see, there are five different ways we use past simple. Practice your English and create your own sentences to improve your English daily.
Adverbs During, While and For.
These are three of the most common adverbs used in the English language. All students must study and learn English grammar terminology. Nouns, verbs and time expressions are essential for understanding adverbs and their use. During is always followed by a “Noun”. While is followed by a “Verb”. For is followed by a time expression.
Here are a few examples of During, While and For:
We stayed at our friends home during Christmas.
We visited our parents during the weekend.
I listen to music while I work.
I always listen to my parents while they are speaking.
I managed a company for ten years before my current job.
She worked there for a long time before retiring.
These are simple examples. Create your own sentences and practice reading and speaking with friends. Dialog practice with questions and answers is a great way to learn English.
Until next time…
Larisa English Club is created just for you, students of the English language. Every effort has been put into the presentation. Just remember Larisa English Club is created as a supplement to your daily dose of English. Use it to assist you with your learning goals. Life is an adventure! Live it to the fullest every day!