Speaking Practice. Ordering a meal at a restaurant.
English Grammar. The present continuous tense.
Magic foods for men do not exist.
There’s no magic food or way to eat. There are some foods men need to eat such as vegetables; fruits; whole grains; protein foods like beans, eggs, or lean meats; and dairy like 1% milk. You’ll get nutrients you need for good health―including magnesium, potassium, calcium, vitamin D, fiber, and protein. If it’s there, you’ll eat it.
Keep healthy foods in your kitchen that need little preparation. Keep your fridge filled with carrots, apples, oranges, low-fat yogurt, and eggs. Stock up on fresh, canned, or frozen vegetables and fruits, lean meats, canned beans, and tuna or salmon. Find healthier heat-and-eat options to replace heating up a frozen pizza.
Whole grains help you feel full. Make sure half your grains are whole grains. Whole grains can help give a feeling of fullness and key nutrients. Choose whole-wheat breads, pasta, and crackers, brown rice and oatmeal instead of white bread, rice, or other refined-grain products.
Here is an example of short dialog about ordering a meal in a restaurant. Pay special attention to the intonation. Remember that intonation reflects what someone is often thinking. Being polite with just words alone is near impossible. This is especially true if you are speaking with someone who does not know you. Be aware of what you are saying and how you say it. While speaking, try to listen to yourself and think about how you speak to others.
The dialog here is short and to the point. Although both people are polite to each other, they are speaking directly without additional words. Keep your English simple. Remember, generally, it takes full sentences to ask questions. Answers are often short and to the point.
Waiter: Are you ready to order now, sir? Ralph: Yes. I’ll have tomato soup, roast beef, mashed potatoes, and peas. Waiter: That’s tomato soup…roast beef…mashed potatoes…and peas. How do you want the beef—rare, medium, or well done? Ralph: Well done, please. Waiter: Anything to drink? Ralph: Hmmm… just water. I’ll have coffee with my dessert.
I’ll have tomato soup, roast beef, mashed potatoes, and peas. Notice how the intonation rises on the last syllable of each item in the series. Notice, too, that the verb in this idiom is have, not takeoreat. “Have” is considered polite at the dinner table. The verb “hand” is also commonly used when asking someone to give you something. “Give” is considered very direct and might be considered rude. The waiter pauses briefly as he writes each item in his order book.Rare, medium, or well done? Notice the slightly rising intonation. Rare = slightly cooked. Well done, please. Notice that the subject and verb are omitted in the response; only the necessary information is given.
Anything to drink? Notice that the subject and verb are omitted. The question is “understood” to mean something like “Do you want anything to drink?” Would you like anything to drink? Will you have anything to drink?
Hmmm is a pause sound, used while the speaker is thinking of what he wants to say. Just water. Again, the response omits the subject and verb – in fact, all the words except those needed to supply the necessary (new) information. The rest are supplied by the context. A full sentence equivalent would be something like I’ll just have water to drink. (American restaurants customarily serve water with the meal, without request.) I’ll have coffee… Notice that the verb in this idiom is have (not take or drink): I’ll have coffee (tea, milk, a coke, etc.).
The present continuous tense.
A few keys to remember when we use the present continuous tense. We use the continuous tenses to refer to short actions, facts or events of some kind. “I am reading at the moment” or “I am eating right now”. Notice how we use a time expression of some kind at the end of our sentences. Time expressions or “Adverbs” are an important part of communication in English. “Adverbs” help to clarify facts or to understand time.
The continuous tense is also used for activities that have an indefinite duration. In other words, we may not know how long an activity or fact will end. Again, the use of “Adverbs and time expressions” are very important to help communicate more accurately.
Present continuous can also be used for the future. An example might be “I am meeting my friends tomorrow at five”. It is easy. Just use present continuous with a time expression at the end of your sentence. Remember that time expressions can change position in a sentence. It is more natural to put the time expression or adverb at the end most of the time.
Until next time…
I hope you enjoyed this edition of Larisa English Club. Remember to study your English every day. Learn basic grammar as well as new vocabulary daily. Life is an adventure. Live it to the fullest each and every day!