Welcome to Larisa English Club #3
What’s New? Flying Cars of Today.
History Topic! Flying Cars of The Past.
Conversation Topic. Talking about others.
Dialog Practice. Questions and Answers.
Basic Grammar Review. Question Words.
English Grammar. Adverbs and The Perfect Tense.
Flying Cars of Today
What’s new in the world of technology and inventions? Daily, we hear more and more about flying cars. Although the concept of flying cars has been just a dream for many inventors for years, soon, flying cars will be the norm. In Dubai located in The United Arab Emirates, the summer of 2017 will bring with it, a dream come true.
Flying taxi’s will be in the sky soon. With great anticipation, Dubai will be the first in the world to launch a flying taxi service. As incredible as this seems, it will be a reality in 2017.
To make this invention even more futuristic, the plan is to fly these taxi’s autonomously. In other words, just get in, push a button or two and away you go to your destination. In just a few minutes you will be flying over and around buildings. Who knows what else you will see as you travel above?
Autonomous flying taxi’s will take you to work, shopping, home and who knows where else? While many firms have been developing flying cars for years, a Chinese company will be the first to launch a flying taxi service in Dubai.
This is just the beginning of flying vehicles for commercial use. It could take several years before we see flying taxi’s in other cities. This is just the early stage of commercial development . The fact that this taxi will fly itself, makes it twice as interesting.
Flying Cars of The Past
The concept of a flying car goes back several centuries. For hundreds of years, many have drawn all kinds of concepts. Each and every one was different from the others. As with all inventions, a concept starts first, with reality being realized later. Sometimes much later. In the case of flying cars, lifetimes have passed with little progress until recently.
Here is more about the history of flying cars. Thank you Wiki!
In 1926, Henry Ford displayed an experimental single-seat aeroplane that he called the “sky flivver”. The project was abandoned two years later when a distance-record attempt flight crashed, killing the pilot. The Flivver was not a flying car at all, but it did get press attention at the time, exciting the public that they would have a mass-produced affordable airplane product that would be made, marketed, sold, and maintained just like an automobile. The airplane was to be as commonplace in the future as the Ford Model T of the time.
In 1956, the US Army’s Transportation Research Command began an investigation into “flying jeeps”, ducted-fan-based aircraft that were envisioned to be smaller and easier to fly than helicopters. In 1957, Chrysler, Curtiss-Wright, and Piasecki were assigned contracts for building and delivery of prototypes. They all delivered their prototypes; however, Piasecki’s VZ-8 was the most successful of the three. While it would normally operate close to the ground, it was capable of flying to several thousand feet, proving to be stable in flight. Nonetheless, the Army decided that the “Flying Jeep concept [was] unsuitable for the modern battlefield”, and concentrated on the development of conventional helicopters. In addition to the army contract, Piasecki was developing the Sky Car, a modified version of its VZ-8 for civilian use.
Urban Aeronautics’ X-Hawk is a VTOL turbojet powered aircraft announced in 2006 with a first flight planned for 2009. It was intended to operate much like a tandem rotorhelicopter, but with ducted fans rather than exposed rotors. The requisite decrease in rotor size would also decrease fuel efficiency. The X-Hawk was being promoted for rescue and utility functions. As of 2013, no flights had been reported.
Talking about others
Talking about others is our conversation practice for this episode. Talking about others can be challenging for students of a second language. A common mistake made by students might be the following example; “He is the father of my children” or “She is the the aunt to my daughter”. These examples are not correct.
Questions and Answers
Remember, in English we try to speak with short statements. Here are correct examples “He is my sons father” or “She is my daughters aunt”. Read and practice speaking the following examples;
In the present.
In the past.
These are just a few examples. Remember that questions in English take more words than answers most of the time. Do not repeat the question words unless it is absolutely required. If a more detailed answer is needed, speak with confidence and keep your answers simple.
Basic Grammar Review
Question words are always an interesting subject. While there are many aspects to question words, it is fairly simple to teach them. There are many question words in English. “Wh” words should be learned as a group. Although there are other “Wh” words, I will focus on just the six mentioned.
Studying English can be a lot of fun for those who make learning easy. It is not just about games. Often, studying in the classroom or anywhere else, can be considered as an adventure. What, Who, When, Where, Why, Which? All extremely important words in English.
One of the ways for students to comprehend easily is to find the bridge between different parts of grammar and vocabulary. This is where we use learning techniques using antonyms and synonyms. If a student already knows a word in English from an earlier stage of study, why not find comparisons for a better understanding. The other idea is to use easily understood examples in short statements.
Another important element when studying is to consider the different roles a word might play. This is not to confuse a you. It is to make sure the student knows he or she has more work to do. A teachers responsibility is to create a positive hunger for English and the way it works. When students are hungry for more English, you are doing it right!
As with all forms of education, progress should always be the ultimate goal of the teacher and student. What, Who, When, Where, Why, Which are all question words essential to all students understanding of English.
Although, the “Wh” words are considered question words, we also use these very same words for “Positive and Negative” statements as well. Here are a few examples; As a question; “What did he say to her?. As a negative; “He did not tell me what he said to her”. As a positive; “What he told her was that he was happy”.
These examples might be considered “Reported Speech”. The main idea is to introduce students to simple facts that relate to the “Wh” words. What level of English study should we do this at? It is for the teacher to decide.
As a secondary education, it is possible that a student knows bits and pieces of English grammar. The teachers job is to educate and fill in the gaps with the missing knowledge.
For early learners of English, it is better to stay focused on questions with the “Wh” words more than positive and negative examples or instruction. The main idea is to teach how and why the “Wh” words are commonly used. What, Who, When, Where, Why, Which?
This gets us to the next point. How to connect “Wh” words with commonly known vocabulary. For teachers, this subject is rather simple, but for young learners, the subject of “Wh” words is often challenging. Students need be patient and work with question words until they have confidence when building sentences.
The most complicated of the “Wh” words is probably “What”. It is commonly used to ask for information about something and used to confirm something. With “What” we can get into many collocations and phrases as well.
“When” is used to make a reference to time. “Where” is all about place or the position of something or someone. “Which” is used with choices when they are limited to just a few. “Who” is used to refer to people or a person as a subject. “Why” is used to ask for a reason.
Adverbs and The Perfect Tense
Adverbs are one of the most important parts of English that students must learn at an early stage of study. Ever, never, just, yet, since, ago are a just few adverbs in the English language.
These are some of the most confusing adverbs for students. This might sound strange to some. It is just a fact. These adverbs are often used in conjunction with The Perfect tenses. There are many areas of English grammar that are much different when compared to other languages.
The perfect tense or something close to it, does not exist in other languages. Often, simple and continuous tenses are used to refer to the past with other languages. Present perfect is used to refer to the past when time is usually unimportant. That is unless it is connected to the present moment of time.
Many students study English as a second language in school. The majority of these students finish school with a basic understanding of English but, probably have difficulty speaking.
Ever, never, just, yet, since, ago are commonly used along with the perfect tenses. Often students learn these common adverbs as specific to the adverbs used with the perfect tenses.
The tense system starts with the basics; present simple, present continuous and the future and past in these tenses. These tenses would be considered the essential tenses from the beginner level and through the elementary level.
The perfect tenses are taught from the pre-intermediate levels and above in school. This is the reason why most students are challenged with adverbs associated with the perfect tenses. Ever, never, just, yet, since, ago are the adverbs most students need to focus on at all levels of English study. There are many more as well. The main idea is to be aware that these adverbs are used in many ways in the English language.
Until next time…
I hope you enjoyed this Larisa English Club. English is the key to greater success in life if you are connected to English speakers in any way. This might be your job or profession, family or travel. Speaking fluency should always be your ultimate goal in English. Join us for the next Larisa English Club and remember, Life is an Adventure! Live it to the fullest each and every day..